Atlas of Hillforts of Britain and Ireland

EN0628: Padderbury Top  

Sources: Esri, DigitalGlobe, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, GeoEye, USDA FSA, USGS, Getmapping, Aerogrid, IGN, IGP, and the GIS User Community

HER:  Cornwall and Scilly MCO71 (10236)

NMR:  SX 36 SW 5 (436736)

SM:  1007297

NGR:  SX3139561040

X:  231395  Y:  61040  (EPSG:27700)

Boundary:  

Summary

Small, bivallate, contour hillfort sited on summit of prominent Padderbury Top hill. Complex defences in impressive position.Steep surrounding slopes, less so on SW. Roughly circular central enclosure has inner rampart bank to 9m wide and 3m high, enclosing 0.6ha. Concentrically surrounded by close-set second rampart now scarp to 1m high. Aerial photographs show originally up to four ramparts, one between the two visible ramparts and an outer bank with ditch. These, together with ditches associated with visible ramparts, buried features. E and W possible original entrances. Pasture interior, some scrub on banks.Plough damage. On 1st Ed. OS map (1882). Undated.

Status

Citizen Science:  ✗  

Reliability of Data:  Confirmed

Reliability of Interpretation:  Confirmed

Location

X:  -487032  Y:  6520186  (EPSG: 3857)

Longitude:  -4.375083  Latitude:  50.424885  (EPSG:4326)

Country:  England

Current County or Unitary Authority:  Cornwall

Historic County:   Cornwall

Current Parish/Community/Council/Townland:  St Gerrans

Condition

Plough damage, but two of possibly four ramparts survive.

Extant:  
Cropmark:  
Likely Destroyed:  

Land Use

Pasture interior, some scrub on banks.

Woodland:  
Commercial Forestry Plantation:  
Parkland:  
Pasture (Grazing):  
Arable:  
Scrub/Bracken:  
Bare Outcrop:  
Heather/Moorland:  
Heath:  
Built-up:  
Coastal Grassland:  
Other:  

Landscape

Hillfort Type

Small, bivallate, contour hillfort sited on summit of prominent Padderbury Top hill. Complex defences in impressive position.Steep surrounding slopes, less so on SW.

Contour Fort:  
Partial Contour Fort:  
Promontory Fort:  
Hillslope Fort:  
Level Terrain Fort:  
Marsh Fort:  
Multiple Enclosure Fort:  

Topographic Position

Hilltop:  
Coastal Promontory:  
Inland Promontory:  
Valley Bottom:  
Knoll/Hillock/Outcrop:  
Ridge:  
Cliff/Plateau-edge/Scarp:  
Hillslope:  
Lowland:  
Spur:  

Dominant Topographic Feature:  Hill top

Aspect

North:  
Northeast:  
East:  
Southeast:  
South:  
Southwest:  
West:  
Northwest:  
Level:  

Elevation

Altitude:  132.0m

Boundary

Boundary Type:  

Second HER:  

Second Current County or Unitary Authority:  

Second Historic County:  

Second Current Parish/Community/Council/Townland:  

Dating Evidence

None.

Reliability:  D - None

Pre 1200BC:  
1200BC - 800BC:  
1200BC - 800BC:  
400BC - AD50:  
AD50 - AD400:  
AD400 - AD 800:  
Post AD800:  
Unknown:  

Pre Hillfort Activity:  ✗  

Post Hillfort Activity:  ✗  

Investigations

Mention by antiquaries D. Lysons and Rev S. Lysons, 1814. On 1st Ed. OS map (1882). DOE investigations 1976, 1978, 1981, 1983.

1st Identified Written Reference (1814):  Reference by D. Lysons and Rev S. Lysons.
1st Identified Map Depiction (1882):  OS map.
Other (1976, 1978, 1981, 1983):  DOE investigations.

Interior Features

None.

Water Source

None:  
Spring:  
Stream:  
Pool:  
Flush:  
Well:  
Other:  

Surface

No Known Features:  
Round Stone Structures:  
Rectangular Stone Structures:  
Curvilinear Platforms:  
Other Roundhouse Evidence:  
Pits:  
Quarry Hollows:  
Other:  

Excavation

No Known Excavation:  
Pits:  
Postholes:  
Roundhouses:  
Rectangular Structures:  
Roads/Tracks:  
Quarry Hollows:  
Other:  
Nothing Found:  

Geophysics

No Known Geophysics:  
Pits:  
Roundhouses:  
Rectangular Structures:  
Roads/Tracks:  
Quarry Hollows:  
Other:  
Nothing Found:  

Finds

No Known Finds:  
Pottery:  
Metal:  
Metalworking:  
Human Bones:  
Animal Bones:  
Lithics:  
Environmental:  
Other:  

Aerial

APs Not Checked:  
None:  
Roundhouses:  
Rectangular Structures:  
Pits:  
Postholes:  
Roads/Tracks:  
Other:  

Entrances

E and W possible original entrances.

Total Number of Breaks Through Ramparts:  

Number of Possible Original Entrances:   

Guard Chambers:  

Chevaux de Frise:  ✗  

Entrance 1 (East):  Simple Gap
Entrance 2 (West):  Simple Gap

Enclosing Works

Roughly circular central enclosure has inner rampart bank to 9m wide and 3m high. Concentrically surrounded by close-set second rampart now scarp to 1m high. Aerial photographs show possibly up to four ramparts originally, one between the two visible ramparts and an outer bank with ditch. These, together with ditches associated with visible ramparts, buried features.

Enclosed Area 1:  0.6ha.
Enclosed Area 2:  
Enclosed Area 3:  
Enclosed Area 4:  
Total Enclosed Area:  0.6ha.

Total Footprint Area:  

Multi-period Enclosure System:  ✗  

Ramparts Form a Continuous Circuit:  ✓  Aerial photographs show possibly up to four ramparts originally.

Number of Ramparts:  2

Number of Ramparts NE Quadrant:  2
Number of Ramparts SE Quadrant:  2
Number of Ramparts SW Quadrant:  2
Number of Ramparts NW Quadrant:  2

Current Morphology

Partial Univallate:  
Univallate:  
Partial Bivallate:  
Bivallate:
Partial Multivallate:  
Multivallate:  
Unknown:  

Multi-period Morphology

Partial Univallate:  
Univallate:  
Partial Bivallate:  
Bivallate:  
Partial Multivallate:  
Multivallate:  

Surface Evidence

None:  
Earthen Bank:  
Stone Wall:  
Rubble:  
Wall-walk:  
Evidence of Timber:  
Vitrification:  
Other Burning:  
Palisade:  
Counter Scarp Bank:  
Berm:  
Unfinished:  
Other:  

Excavated Evidence

None:  
Earthen Bank:  
Stone Wall:  
Murus Duplex:  
Timber-framed:  
Timber-laced:  
Vitrification:  
Other Burning:  
Palisade:  
Counter Scarp Bank:  
Berm:  
Unfinished:  
No Known Excavation:  
Other:  

Gang Working

Gang Working:  ✗ 

Ditches

Ditches:  

Number of Ditches:  2:  Ditches now buried features.

Annex

Annex:  ✗  

References

Lysons, D. and Lysons, S. 1814. Magna Britannia. Vol 3, Cornwall, 248.

Terms of Use

The online version of the Atlas of Hillforts of Britain and Ireland should be cited as:

Lock, G. and Ralston, I. 2017.  Atlas of Hillforts of Britain and Ireland. [ONLINE] Available at: https://hillforts.arch.ox.ac.uk.

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