Atlas of Hillforts of Britain and Ireland

EN3351: Dumpdon Camp  

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HER:  Devon MDV1877

NMR:  ST 10 SE 16 (188754)

SM:  1018851

NGR:  ST17620401

X:  317605  Y:  104016  (EPSG:27700)

Boundary:  

Summary

Bivallate and commanding contour hillfort located on hill top at S end of Upper Greensand ridge between River Otter and Luppitt Brook. Steep surrounding slopes. Flat topped and triangular shaped, with internal area 2.6ha. Generally bivallate throughout, with the inner bank c. 1.3m high internally and 8.3m externally and 4.5m across, with irregular crest showing best and upstanding on N and W sides, with slight traces of outer ditch in parts. Outer bank on N lies c. 15m-30m away across level berm with outer ditch, averaging c. 1.2 metres in height and 3.1 metres in width. On E and W rampart represented by scarping of hillside, but with no inner slope. Entrance near NE apex with substantial inturns to inner bank to give 20m passage and appears to curve to N through outer rampart. Modern track through banks on NNW. Small excavations as result of windblow by M. Todd 1990. Little found, but inner rampart on E side constructed of 2.15m wide by 0.4m chert blocks. Rough pasture interior and scrub. surrounds. Generally well-preserved national Trust site. On 1st Ed. OS map (1889). Undated.

Status

Citizen Science:  ✗  

Reliability of Data:  Confirmed

Reliability of Interpretation:  Confirmed

Location

X:  -353032  Y:  6591230  (EPSG: 3857)

Longitude:  -3.171345  Latitude:  50.829732  (EPSG:4326)

Country:  England

Current County or Unitary Authority:  Devon

Historic County:   Devon

Current Parish/Community/Council/Townland:  Luppitt

Condition

Generally well-preserved national Trust site. On Heritage at Risk Register (2015).

Extant:  
Cropmark:  
Likely Destroyed:  

Land Use

Rough pasture interior, scrub surrounds.

Woodland:  
Commercial Forestry Plantation:  
Parkland:  
Pasture (Grazing):  
Arable:  
Scrub/Bracken:  
Bare Outcrop:  
Heather/Moorland:  
Heath:  
Built-up:  
Coastal Grassland:  
Other:  

Landscape

Hillfort Type

Bivallate contour hillfort located on hill top at S end of Upper Greensand ridge between River Otter and Luppitt Brook. Steep surrounding slopes.

Contour Fort:  
Partial Contour Fort:  
Promontory Fort:  
Hillslope Fort:  
Level Terrain Fort:  
Marsh Fort:  
Multiple Enclosure Fort:  

Topographic Position

Hilltop:  
Coastal Promontory:  
Inland Promontory:  
Valley Bottom:  
Knoll/Hillock/Outcrop:  
Ridge:  
Cliff/Plateau-edge/Scarp:  
Hillslope:  
Lowland:  
Spur:  

Dominant Topographic Feature:  Hill top

Aspect

North:  
Northeast:  
East:  
Southeast:  
South:  
Southwest:  
West:  
Northwest:  
Level:  

Elevation

Altitude:  261.0m

Boundary

Boundary Type:  

Second HER:  

Second Current County or Unitary Authority:  

Second Historic County:  

Second Current Parish/Community/Council/Townland:  

Dating Evidence

None.

Reliability:  D - None

Pre 1200BC:  
1200BC - 800BC:  
1200BC - 800BC:  
400BC - AD50:  
AD50 - AD400:  
AD400 - AD 800:  
Post AD800:  
Unknown:  

Pre Hillfort Activity:  ✓  Possible barrow in interior, formerly site of trig point.

Post Hillfort Activity:  ✗  

Investigations

On 1st Ed. OS map (1889). Small excavations as result of windblow by M. Todd 1990.

1st Identified Map Depiction (1889):  OS map.
Other (1972):  Visited by Hillfort Study Group
Excavation (1990):  M. Todd.
Other (2013):  Visited by Hillfort Study Group

Interior Features

Interior featureless.

Water Source

None:  
Spring:  
Stream:  
Pool:  
Flush:  
Well:  
Other:  

Surface

Interior featureless.

No Known Features:  
Round Stone Structures:  
Rectangular Stone Structures:  
Curvilinear Platforms:  
Other Roundhouse Evidence:  
Pits:  
Quarry Hollows:  
Other:  

Excavation

No Known Excavation:  
Pits:  
Postholes:  
Roundhouses:  
Rectangular Structures:  
Roads/Tracks:  
Quarry Hollows:  
Other:  
Nothing Found:  

Geophysics

No Known Geophysics:  
Pits:  
Roundhouses:  
Rectangular Structures:  
Roads/Tracks:  
Quarry Hollows:  
Other:  
Nothing Found:  

Finds

No Known Finds:  
Pottery:  
Metal:  
Metalworking:  
Human Bones:  
Animal Bones:  
Lithics:  
Environmental:  
Other:  

Aerial

APs Not Checked:  
None:  
Roundhouses:  
Rectangular Structures:  
Pits:  
Postholes:  
Roads/Tracks:  
Other:  

Entrances

Entrance on NE with substantial inturns to inner bank to give 20m passage and appears to curve to N through outer rampart with 7m wide causeway. Modern track through banks on NNW.

Total Number of Breaks Through Ramparts:  2:  Modern track through banks on NNW.

Number of Possible Original Entrances:   

Guard Chambers:  

Chevaux de Frise:  ✗  

Entrance 1 (Northeast):  In-turned:  Causewayed.

Enclosing Works

Generally bivallate throughout, with the inner bank with irregular crest showing best and upstanding on N and W sides, with slight traces of outer ditch in parts. Outer bank on N lies c. 15m-30m away across berm with outer ditch. On E and W represented by scarping of hillside, with no inner slope. Rampart constructed of 2.15m wide by 0.4m chert blocks with plantation soil bank above.

Enclosed Area 1:  2.6ha.
Enclosed Area 2:  
Enclosed Area 3:  
Enclosed Area 4:  
Total Enclosed Area:  2.6ha.

Total Footprint Area:  

Multi-period Enclosure System:  ✗  

Ramparts Form a Continuous Circuit:  ✓  

Number of Ramparts:  2

Number of Ramparts NE Quadrant:  2
Number of Ramparts SE Quadrant:  2
Number of Ramparts SW Quadrant:  2
Number of Ramparts NW Quadrant:  2

Current Morphology

Partial Univallate:  
Univallate:  
Partial Bivallate:  
Bivallate:
Partial Multivallate:  
Multivallate:  
Unknown:  

Multi-period Morphology

Partial Univallate:  
Univallate:  
Partial Bivallate:  
Bivallate:  
Partial Multivallate:  
Multivallate:  

Surface Evidence

Berm between banks on N.

None:  
Earthen Bank:  
Stone Wall:  
Rubble:  
Wall-walk:  
Evidence of Timber:  
Vitrification:  
Other Burning:  
Palisade:  
Counter Scarp Bank:  
Berm:  
Unfinished:  
Other:  

Excavated Evidence

Rampart constructed of 2.15m wide by 0.4m chert blocks with plantation soil bank above.

None:  
Earthen Bank:  
Stone Wall:  
Murus Duplex:  
Timber-framed:  
Timber-laced:  
Vitrification:  
Other Burning:  
Palisade:  
Counter Scarp Bank:  
Berm:  
Unfinished:  
No Known Excavation:  
Other:  

Gang Working

Gang Working:  ✗ 

Ditches

Ditches:  

Number of Ditches:  2

Annex

Annex:  ✗  

References

Griffith, F.M. and Wilkes, E.M. 2011. In the footsteps of pioneering women: some recent work on Devon hillforts, In Pearce, S (ed). Recent archaeological work in South-Western Britain, BAR British Series 548.

Todd, M. 1992. The hillfort of Dumpdon, Proc Devon Archaeol Soc, 50,47-52.

Terms of Use

The online version of the Atlas of Hillforts of Britain and Ireland should be cited as:

Lock, G. and Ralston, I. 2017.  Atlas of Hillforts of Britain and Ireland. [ONLINE] Available at: https://hillforts.arch.ox.ac.uk.

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