Atlas of Hillforts of Britain and Ireland

EN3530: Longridge Woods, Lydford  

Sources: Esri, DigitalGlobe, Earthstar Geographics, CNES/Airbus DS, GeoEye, USDA FSA, USGS, Getmapping, Aerogrid, IGN, IGP, and the GIS User Community

HER:  Devon MDV1666

NMR:  SX 48 SE 9 (438143)

SM:  1018518

NGR:  SX49718385

X:  249707  Y:  83895  (EPSG:27700)

Boundary:  

Summary

Univallate hillslope fort located on top of steep slope of E-W ridge overlooking valley of River Lyd to S and steep stream valleys to N. Very steep surrounding slopes to river, moderate to strong and steep elsewhere. Site slopes gently to N. Medieval structures within. Rectangular shape measuring c, 66m N-S by 62m with internal area c. 0.4ha. Defined by rampart, c. 9m wide and to 1.4m high internally, and outer ditch c. 5.2m wide and 1.1m deep apart from N where natural scarp. Outer bank on S to 1.4m wide and 0.3m high. Possible E entrance. Evidence of medieval longhouse nearly 30m long in interior; also pits, two-celled building and square structure. Located above rich alluvial tin deposit. Part-cleared area within South Longridge Woods, Lydford Forest. Well-preserved. Minimal investigations, undated.

Status

Citizen Science:  ✗  

Reliability of Data:  Confirmed

Reliability of Interpretation:  Confirmed

Location

X:  -459382  Y:  6557027  (EPSG: 3857)

Longitude:  -4.126694  Latitude:  50.635257  (EPSG:4326)

Country:  England

Current County or Unitary Authority:  Devon

Historic County:   Devon

Current Parish/Community/Council/Townland:  Lydford

Condition

Well-preserved.

Extant:  
Cropmark:  
Likely Destroyed:  

Land Use

Part-cleared area within South Longridge Woods, Lydford Forest. Evidence of medieval longhouse, two-celled building and square structure.

Woodland:  
Commercial Forestry Plantation:  
Parkland:  
Pasture (Grazing):  
Arable:  
Scrub/Bracken:  
Bare Outcrop:  
Heather/Moorland:  
Heath:  
Built-up:  
Coastal Grassland:  
Other:  

Landscape

Hillfort Type

Univallate partial contour hillfort located on top of steep slope of E-W ridge overlooking valley of River Lyd to S and steep stream valleys to N. Very steep surrounding slopes. to rive, moderate to strong and steep elsewhere. Site slopes gently to N.

Contour Fort:  
Partial Contour Fort:  
Promontory Fort:  
Hillslope Fort:  
Level Terrain Fort:  
Marsh Fort:  
Multiple Enclosure Fort:  

Topographic Position

Hilltop:  
Coastal Promontory:  
Inland Promontory:  
Valley Bottom:  
Knoll/Hillock/Outcrop:  
Ridge:  
Cliff/Plateau-edge/Scarp:  
Hillslope:  
Lowland:  
Spur:  

Dominant Topographic Feature:  Ridge

Aspect

North:  
Northeast:  
East:  
Southeast:  
South:  
Southwest:  
West:  
Northwest:  
Level:  

Elevation

Altitude:  178.0m

Boundary

Boundary Type:  Parish/Townland

Second HER:  

Second Current County or Unitary Authority:  

Second Historic County:  

Second Current Parish/Community/Council/Townland:  Brentor

Dating Evidence

None.

Reliability:  D - None

Pre 1200BC:  
1200BC - 800BC:  
1200BC - 800BC:  
400BC - AD50:  
AD50 - AD400:  
AD400 - AD 800:  
Post AD800:  
Unknown:  

Pre Hillfort Activity:  ✗  

Post Hillfort Activity:  ✓  Evidence of medieval longhouse nearly 30m long in interior; also pits, two-celled building and square structure.

Investigations

None recorded.

Interior Features

None.

Water Source

None:  
Spring:  
Stream:  
Pool:  
Flush:  
Well:  
Other:  

Surface

No Known Features:  
Round Stone Structures:  
Rectangular Stone Structures:  
Curvilinear Platforms:  
Other Roundhouse Evidence:  
Pits:  
Quarry Hollows:  
Other:  

Excavation

No Known Excavation:  
Pits:  
Postholes:  
Roundhouses:  
Rectangular Structures:  
Roads/Tracks:  
Quarry Hollows:  
Other:  
Nothing Found:  

Geophysics

No Known Geophysics:  
Pits:  
Roundhouses:  
Rectangular Structures:  
Roads/Tracks:  
Quarry Hollows:  
Other:  
Nothing Found:  

Finds

No Known Finds:  
Pottery:  
Metal:  
Metalworking:  
Human Bones:  
Animal Bones:  
Lithics:  
Environmental:  
Other:  

Aerial

APs Not Checked:  
None:  
Roundhouses:  
Rectangular Structures:  
Pits:  
Postholes:  
Roads/Tracks:  
Other:  

Entrances

Possible E entrance.

Total Number of Breaks Through Ramparts:  

Number of Possible Original Entrances:   

Guard Chambers:  

Chevaux de Frise:  ✗  

Entrance 1 (East):  Simple Gap:  Possible.

Enclosing Works

Defined by rampart, c. 9m wide and to 1.4m high internally, and outer ditch c. 5.2m wide and 1.1m deep apart from N where natural scarp. Outer bank on S to 1.4m wide and 0.3m high.

Enclosed Area 1:  0.4ha.
Enclosed Area 2:  
Enclosed Area 3:  
Enclosed Area 4:  
Total Enclosed Area:  0.4ha.

Total Footprint Area:  

Multi-period Enclosure System:  ✗  

Ramparts Form a Continuous Circuit:  ✓  

Number of Ramparts:  2

Number of Ramparts NE Quadrant:  1
Number of Ramparts SE Quadrant:  2
Number of Ramparts SW Quadrant:  2
Number of Ramparts NW Quadrant:  1

Current Morphology

Partial Univallate:  
Univallate:  
Partial Bivallate:  
Bivallate:
Partial Multivallate:  
Multivallate:  
Unknown:  

Multi-period Morphology

Partial Univallate:  
Univallate:  
Partial Bivallate:  
Bivallate:  
Partial Multivallate:  
Multivallate:  

Surface Evidence

None:  
Earthen Bank:  
Stone Wall:  
Rubble:  
Wall-walk:  
Evidence of Timber:  
Vitrification:  
Other Burning:  
Palisade:  
Counter Scarp Bank:  
Berm:  
Unfinished:  
Other:  

Excavated Evidence

None:  
Earthen Bank:  
Stone Wall:  
Murus Duplex:  
Timber-framed:  
Timber-laced:  
Vitrification:  
Other Burning:  
Palisade:  
Counter Scarp Bank:  
Berm:  
Unfinished:  
No Known Excavation:  
Other:  

Gang Working

Gang Working:  ✗ 

Ditches

Ditches:  

Number of Ditches:  1

Annex

Annex:  ✗  

References

Silvester, R. J, and Balkwill, C. J. 1977. Hill-Slope Enclosures In The Lyd Valley, West Devon, Proc. Devon Archaeol. Soc, 35, 81-4.

Terms of Use

The online version of the Atlas of Hillforts of Britain and Ireland should be cited as:

Lock, G. and Ralston, I. 2017.  Atlas of Hillforts of Britain and Ireland. [ONLINE] Available at: https://hillforts.arch.ox.ac.uk.

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